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The Plant

Discover the versatile wonders of hemp. From balancing the body, to inspiring fiber strength.

hemp the plant

If you’re curious about hemp, it’s important to understand the basics of the plant. Throughout history, the definition of hemp has undergone numerous changes. Many different terms are used to name the plant. However, today we know that there is only one cannabis plant – the botanical species Cannabis Sativa L. This species can be divided into three main chemovars: Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica, and Cannabis Ruderalis. These chemovars can be distinguished by factors such as plant size, leaf shape, and chemical properties. Learning more about these different chemovars will help you better understand the unique qualities and effects of each cannabis strain.

hemp basic characteristics

Cannabis, one of the world’s fastest-growing plants that originates from the northwest Himalayan region is closely related to hops. With its slightly hairy, vertical stem, cannabis can reach up to 5 meters in height and is naturally grown annually. It’s a dioecious plant, meaning male and female plants grow separately, but hermaphroditic varieties also exist. Male plants have lighter stems and lots of pollen, crucial for pollination, while female plants produce seeds and rich fiber. Pollination is achieved easily through wind, and bees aren’t necessary. Pollen from male cannabis plants is caught on the female plant, which produces more resin to maximize pollination and seed production? The highest concentration of resin is found on the flower or bud and leaves closest to it.

 

Under a microscope, tiny hair-like outgrowths called trichomes with a cap on top can be seen on the plant. When the trichomes appear in a milky color, it indicates peak maturity and maximum cannabinoid content. Beyond this point, the plant’s THC and CBD content begins to degrade and convert to CBN, making it suitable for different purposes. Despite various labels like ganja, pot, or marijuana, they all refer to the same plant – cannabis.

Basic
Characteristics

Name Odyssey

Industrial Hemp

Industrial hemp is a specific type of cannabis that has been used for industrial purposes throughout history, including making ropes, sails, and clothing. Today, it is still used for these purposes, but the term “industrial hemp” refers to cannabis plants that have a THC level lower than 0.2% or 0.3% (depending on local laws). This cannabis is primarily grown for cultivation and processing, and hemp farmers have a limited list of cannabis strains that are legal to grow. However, industrial hemp has experienced a resurgence in recent years due to its versatile nature and potential to create sustainable products.

Medical Cannabis

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Also known as medical marijuana, refers to the use of the plant and its extracts to treat medical conditions. It contains higher percentages of THC and CBD, which have been found to have medicinal properties. While it was popularized during the commercialization of cannabis in the US and Canada, it has a long history of use in traditional medicine. In some countries and states, medical cannabis can be obtained with a prescription from a qualified healthcare provider. Its potential therapeutic applications include pain management, relief from nausea and vomiting, and reduction of inflammation, among others. The use of medical cannabis is a rapidly evolving area of research, and there is growing interest in its potential as an alternative treatment option for various medical conditions.

Ganja

The term “ganja” is often associated with Rastafarian culture, but its origins can be traced back to ancient India. It comes from the Hindu word “ganjika,” which means “powerful preparation from Cannabis Sativa” in Sanskrit. Over time, the term evolved and became synonymous with cannabis in various cultures around the world, particularly in the Caribbean and Jamaica. Today, it remains a popular term for cannabis in many regions, often used to describe a particular strain with specific characteristics.

Pot ~ Weed ~ Marijuana

One of the most well-known and controversial names for cannabis is “marijuana.” This term was coined by Harry Jacob Anslinger, the first commissioner of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics, who launched a nationwide anti-cannabis campaign in the 1930s. Anslinger deliberately chose the Spanish word “marijuana” to associate the plant with Mexican immigrants and create a negative public image.
The exact origin of the word “marijuana” is uncertain, but it is believed to have come from Mexican Spanish. Some scholars speculate that the word has its roots in the Aztec language, but this theory remains unproven. It is often falsely claimed that “marijuana” is derived from the Spanish name “Maria Juana” or “Mary Jane,” but this is actually a flawed human etymology.

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Endless Ways of Using Hemp

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Textiles

Historically, hemp was used to create countless products before being replaced by cotton. Today, hemp textiles are commonly mixed with organic cotton to create a variety of textile types, including T-shirts, shirts, pants, jackets, bags, hats, shoes, and many more. These textiles are not only fashionable but also environmentally friendly due to the sustainable and pesticide-free nature of hemp cultivation. With its potential to replace less sustainable materials, the use of hemp in textile production could help promote a more sustainable future.

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Food Supplements

Cannabis has become a popular ingredient in the food supplement industry. The plant’s flower and leaf extracts are concentrated and mixed with fluids, such as CBD oil, for easy consumption. These supplements are designed to optimize the endocannabinoid system, which plays a crucial role in maintaining overall health and well-being. From tinctures and capsules to gummies and energy drinks, there are endless ways to incorporate cannabis into food supplements. Furthermore, research has shown that these supplements can provide relief for a variety of health conditions, such as chronic pain, anxiety, and inflammation.

Superfood

Hemp is not only a versatile plant, but also a highly nutritious one. It contains a variety of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and protein. The different parts of the plant, including seeds, fresh leaves, and flowers, can be used to create a range of raw products. For instance, hemp seeds are a great source of protein and healthy fats, while fresh hemp leaves can be brewed into a nutrient-rich tea. Hemp can also be processed into various forms for culinary use, such as hemp butter, milk, and coffee. These products not only add a unique flavor to dishes, but also provide a powerful nutritional boost, making it a true superfood.

Fuel

Hemp is a versatile plant that has the potential to revolutionize the fuel industry. It can be used to produce biofuels that are renewable and environmentally friendly. One of the biggest advantages of hemp biofuel is that it can be used in any combustion engine car. Additionally, the performance of hemp biofuel is comparable to that of traditional fossil fuels. With increasing concerns about climate change and the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, hemp biofuels could play a significant role in achieving a sustainable future.

Construction

Hemp has emerged as a sustainable and eco-friendly solution in the construction industry. With the rise of eco-consciousness, the demand for green buildings is increasing, and hemp is playing a significant role in fulfilling this demand. Hempcrete, made from the woody core of the hemp plant, is a versatile building material that can be used for walls, roofs, insulation, and flooring. Unlike regular concrete, hempcrete is breathable, which means it can regulate humidity and prevent mold growth. It is also a superior insulator, keeping the interior cool in summers and warm in winters.
 

Another advantage of Hempcrete is that it is lightweight, reducing transportation costs and making it easy to handle during construction. It is a carbon-negative material, which means that it absorbs more carbon dioxide than it releases during its production and usage. This can have a significant impact on reducing the carbon footprint of buildings.
 

In addition to Hempcrete, other hemp-based materials such as hemp fiberboard and hemp insulation can also be used in construction. These materials are non-toxic, biodegradable, and provide a healthier indoor environment for occupants. With the versatility and sustainability of hemp-based construction materials, it is no wonder that the hemp industry is seeing a rise in demand for their use in building and construction.

Animals

Hemp can be used in many ways to benefit animals. It can be used as a litter for animals such as cats, rabbits and guinea pigs as it is a natural and biodegradable option. It is also an excellent material to create a warm and cozy nest for pets. In addition, hemp is a source of high-quality protein and healthy fats, making it a valuable ingredient for pet foods and supplements. Hemp extracts can also be added to pet food and supplements to improve the overall health and well-being of animals. In addition, hemp fibers can be used to make pet toys that are durable and environmentally friendly, making them a great alternative to plastic toys. Overall, hemp can provide many benefits to animals, including comfort, nutrition and entertainment.

Cosmetics

Hemp has become increasingly popular in the cosmetics industry due to its numerous benefits for the skin. One of the most commonly used products is hemp seed oil, which contains perfect Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, as well as a variety of vitamins that provide essential nutrients for the skin. Additionally, cannabis extract is also used in some cosmetics products for its therapeutic properties.

Cannabis-infused cosmetics can be found in various forms, including balms, creams, lotions, soaps, and more. These products have been known to moisturize the skin, promote healing of damaged skin, and help alleviate various skin conditions. The CBD and other cannabinoids found in cannabis are particularly beneficial for these purposes.

Moreover, cannabis cosmetics have been praised for their anti-aging properties, helping to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. They also have anti-inflammatory properties, which can help calm the skin and reduce redness.

 

Overall, cannabis-infused cosmetics offer a natural and effective alternative to traditional skincare products. As more research is conducted on the therapeutic benefits of cannabis, we can expect to see even more innovative uses of this plant in the cosmetics industry.

Industrial

Hemp has been utilized for various industrial purposes throughout history. The strong and durable fibers of the plant make it an ideal material for producing ropes and textiles, including sails, clothing, bags, and shoes. In fact, some of the strongest ropes in the world have been made from hemp. Henry Ford even famously produced a car with panels made from hemp fiber. In addition to textiles, hemp can also be used in the production of building materials such as hempcrete, a thermodynamically efficient and eco-friendly alternative to traditional concrete. The versatility of the plant allows for endless possibilities in the industrial sector, with ongoing research and development exploring new ways to harness its properties.

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